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Hans-Peter Hutter   Professor  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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Hans-Peter Hutter published an article in November 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Franz Essl

79 shared publications

Environment Agency Austria, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Vienna, Austria

J.G. Zaller

43 shared publications

Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna 1180, Austria

Michael Kundi

31 shared publications

Center for Public Health, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Hanns Moshammer

28 shared publications

Department for Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna 1090, Austria

Stefan Schindler

25 shared publications

Environment Agency Austria, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Vienna, Austria

14
Publications
15
Reads
2
Downloads
37
Citations
Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(2009 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
 
6
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Health-Related Effects of Short Stays at Mountain Meadows, a River and an Urban Site—Results from a Field Experiment Arne Arnberger, Renate Eder, Brigitte Allex, Martin Ebenberg... Published: 26 November 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15122647
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The study compared psychological and physiological health effects of short-term stays at managed and abandoned meadows, a mountain river, and an urban site of a dependent sample of 22 adult participants (mean age 27) during an 11-day field trip. The study found that pulse rates decreased during the stays at all the meadows and the urban site while no decrease was observed at the river. Blood pressure increased at all sites during the stay, with no study-site differences for systolic, but for diastolic, blood pressure. Participants reported more positive psychological health effects as a result of their stays at the most remote meadow and the river on attention restoration, stress reduction and wellbeing compared to the urban site, while no differences in health perceptions were observed between managed and unmanaged meadows. This study suggests that perceived and measured health benefits were independent of the degree of naturalness of meadows. While differences measured on the physiological level between urban built and natural sites were marginal, psychological measures showed higher health benefits of the natural environments compared to the built one.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Alien Species and Human Health: Austrian Stakeholder Perspective on Challenges and Solutions Stefan Schindler, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Franz Essl, Peter Walln... Published: 12 November 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15112527
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No saturation in the introduction, acceleration of spread and the increasing impacts of alien species are a characteristic feature of the Anthropocene. Concomitantly, alien species affecting human health are supposed to increase, mainly due to increasing global trade and climate change. In this study, we assess challenges and solutions posed by such species to the public health sector in Austria over the next few decades. We did so using an online questionnaire circulated to 131 experts and stakeholders working on human health and biological invasions, supplemented by in-depth interviews with eleven selected experts. Results from the online survey and in-depth interviews largely support and complement each other. Experts and stakeholders suggest that (i) the allergenic Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed), the photodermatoxic Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed), and vectors of diseases such as Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) are considered the alien species posing the most severe challenges; (ii) challenges are expected to increase in the next few decades and awareness in the public health sector is not sufficient; (iii) effective and efficient solutions are mainly related to prevention. Specific solutions include pathway management of introduction and spread by monitoring and controlling established populations of ragweed, hogweed and mosquitos.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Subjective Symptoms of Male Workers Linked to Occupational Pesticide Exposure on Coffee Plantations in the Jarabacoa Reg... Hans-Peter Hutter, Michael Kundi, Kathrin Lemmerer, Michael ... Published: 25 September 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102099
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Acute and sub-acute effects of pesticide use in coffee farmers have rarely been investigated. In the present field study, self-reported health symptoms from 38 male pesticide users were compared to those of 33 organic farmers. Results of cytological findings have been reported in an accompanying paper in this issue. The present second part of the study comprises a questionnaire based survey for various, potentially pesticide related symptoms among the coffee farmers. Symptom rates were generally higher in exposed workers, reaching significance in nine out of 19 assessed symptoms. Significantly increased symptom frequencies were related to neurotoxicity, parasympathic effects and acetylcholine esterase inhibition, with the highest differences found for excessive salivation, dizziness and stomach ache. We revealed a lack of precautionary measures in the majority of farmers. Better education, regulations, and safety equipment are urgently needed.
Article 2 Reads 3 Citations Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Pesticide Exposure in Male Coffee Farmworkers of the Jarabacoa Region, Dominican Repu... Hans-Peter Hutter, Abdul Wali Khan, Kathrin Lemmerer, Peter ... Published: 03 August 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081641
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Intensive agrochemical use in coffee production in the Global South has been documented. The aim of this study was to investigate cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of pesticide exposure in male farmworkers in the Dominican Republic comparing conventional farming using pesticides to organic farming. Furthermore, feasibility of the buccal micronucleus cytome assay (BMCA) for field studies under difficult local conditions was tested. In a cross-sectional field study, pesticide exposed (sprayers) and non-exposed male workers on coffee plantations were interviewed about exposure history, and pesticide application practices. Buccal cells were sampled, and BMCA was applied to assess potential effects on cell integrity. In total, 38 pesticide-exposed and 33 non-exposed workers participated. Eighty-four and 87%, respectively, of the pesticide-exposed respondents did not use masks or gloves at all. All biomarkers from the BMCA were significantly more frequent among exposed workers—odds ratio for micronucleated cells: 3.1 (95% confidence interval: 1.3–7.4) or karyolysis: 1.3 (1.1–1.5). Buccal cells as sensitive markers of toxic oral or respiratory exposures proved feasible for challenging field studies. Our findings indicate that the impact of pesticide use is not restricted to acute effects on health and wellbeing, but also points to long-term health risks. Therefore, occupational safety measures including training and protective clothing are needed, as well as encouragement towards minimal application of pesticides and more widespread use of organic farming.
Article 1 Read 2 Citations Reloading Pupils’ Batteries: Impact of Green Spaces on Cognition and Wellbeing Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Arne Arnberger, Renate Eder, B... Published: 08 June 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061205
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Cognitive functioning and academic performance of pupils depend on regular breaks from classroom work. However, it is unclear which settings during such breaks provide the best environment to restore cognitive performance and promote wellbeing of adolescent pupils. Therefore, we investigated the effects of staying in different urban green spaces during breaks. Sixty-four pupils (16–18 years old) participated in a cross-over experiment. They were placed into one of three settings (small park, larger park, forest) for one hour during a lunch break. Wellbeing was assessed four times (Nitsch scale), and a cognitive test (d2-R Test of Attention) was applied in the classrooms before and after the break. Wellbeing was almost always highest after the stay in the green spaces. However, a sustained effect was only found for the forest. Concentration performance values of the d2-R test were significantly higher after the pupils’ stay in green spaces for all sites. The highest increase of performance was found for the larger park type. In conclusion, this pilot study showed that study breaks in green spaces improved wellbeing and cognitive performance of adolescents. It also found that larger green spaces, either parks or forests, have stronger positive impacts on wellbeing and cognitive performance than small parks.
Article 0 Reads 3 Citations Exposure to Air Ions in Indoor Environments: Experimental Study with Healthy Adults Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Michael Panny, Peter Tappler, ... Published: 10 November 2015
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph121114301
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Since the beginning of the 20th century there has been a scientific debate about the potential effects of air ions on biological tissues, wellbeing and health. Effects on the cardiovascular and respiratory system as well as on mental health have been described. In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in this topic. In an experimental indoor setting we conducted a double-blind cross-over trial to determine if higher levels of air ions, generated by a special wall paint, affect cognitive performance, wellbeing, lung function, and cardiovascular function. Twenty healthy non-smoking volunteers (10 female, 10 male) participated in the study. Levels of air ions, volatile organic compounds and indoor climate factors were determined by standardized measurement procedures. Air ions affected the autonomous nervous system (in terms of an increase of sympathetic activity accompanied by a small decrease of vagal efferent activity): In the test room with higher levels of air ions (2194/cm3 vs. 1038/cm3) a significantly higher low to high frequency ratio of the electrocardiography (ECG) beat-to-beat interval spectrogram was found. Furthermore, six of nine subtests of a cognitive performance test were solved better, three of them statistically significant (verbal factor, reasoning, and perceptual speed), in the room with higher ion concentration. There was no influence of air ions on lung function and on wellbeing. Our results indicate slightly activating and cognitive performance enhancing effects of a short-term exposure to higher indoor air ion concentrations.
Conference papers
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 12 Reads 0 Citations <strong>Breast-Feeding Protects Children from Adverse Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke </strong> Hanns Moshammer, Hans-Peter Hutter Published: 14 November 2018
doi: 10.3390/IECEHS-1-05650
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In a cross-sectional study on 433 schoolchildren (aged 6-9 years) from 9 schools in Austria we observed associations between housing factors like passive smoking and lung function as well as improved lung function in children who had been breast-fed. The latter findings urged the question whether protective effects of breast feeding act on environmental stressors or if they act independently. Therefore the effect of passive smoking on lung function was stratified by breast-feeding. Detrimental effects of passive smoking were significant but restricted to the group of 53 children without breast-feeding. Breast feeding counteracts the effect of environmental stressors on the growing respiratory organs.

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