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Hanns Moshammer   Professor  Senior Scientist or Principal Investigator 
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Hanns Moshammer published an article in September 2018.
Research Keywords & Expertise See all
0 A
0 Aerosol
0 Air Pollution
0 Air Quality
0 Children
0 Cobalt
Top co-authors See all
Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

77 shared publications

Center for Epidemiology and Screening, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Manfred Neuberger

57 shared publications

Zentrum für Public Health, Abteilung für Umwelthygiene und Umweltmedizin, Medizinische Universität Wien, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (KKL), Wien, Österreich

R.J. Šrám

41 shared publications

Department of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Vídeňská 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic.

Aleksandra Fucic

39 shared publications

Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia

Daniela Haluza

36 shared publications

Department of Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

30
Publications
32
Reads
7
Downloads
64
Citations
Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 
(1970 - 2018)
Total number of journals
published in
 
11
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Subjective Symptoms of Male Workers Linked to Occupational Pesticide Exposure on Coffee Plantations in the Jarabacoa Reg... Hans-Peter Hutter, Michael Kundi, Kathrin Lemmerer, Michael ... Published: 25 September 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102099
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Acute and sub-acute effects of pesticide use in coffee farmers have rarely been investigated. In the present field study, self-reported health symptoms from 38 male pesticide users were compared to those of 33 organic farmers. Results of cytological findings have been reported in an accompanying paper in this issue. The present second part of the study comprises a questionnaire based survey for various, potentially pesticide related symptoms among the coffee farmers. Symptom rates were generally higher in exposed workers, reaching significance in nine out of 19 assessed symptoms. Significantly increased symptom frequencies were related to neurotoxicity, parasympathic effects and acetylcholine esterase inhibition, with the highest differences found for excessive salivation, dizziness and stomach ache. We revealed a lack of precautionary measures in the majority of farmers. Better education, regulations, and safety equipment are urgently needed.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Pesticides Are an Occupational and Public Health Issue Hans-Peter Hutter, Hanns Moshammer Published: 03 August 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081650
DOI See at publisher website
Article 2 Reads 3 Citations Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Pesticide Exposure in Male Coffee Farmworkers of the Jarabacoa Region, Dominican Repu... Hans-Peter Hutter, Abdul Wali Khan, Kathrin Lemmerer, Peter ... Published: 03 August 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081641
DOI See at publisher website ABS Show/hide abstract
Intensive agrochemical use in coffee production in the Global South has been documented. The aim of this study was to investigate cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of pesticide exposure in male farmworkers in the Dominican Republic comparing conventional farming using pesticides to organic farming. Furthermore, feasibility of the buccal micronucleus cytome assay (BMCA) for field studies under difficult local conditions was tested. In a cross-sectional field study, pesticide exposed (sprayers) and non-exposed male workers on coffee plantations were interviewed about exposure history, and pesticide application practices. Buccal cells were sampled, and BMCA was applied to assess potential effects on cell integrity. In total, 38 pesticide-exposed and 33 non-exposed workers participated. Eighty-four and 87%, respectively, of the pesticide-exposed respondents did not use masks or gloves at all. All biomarkers from the BMCA were significantly more frequent among exposed workers—odds ratio for micronucleated cells: 3.1 (95% confidence interval: 1.3–7.4) or karyolysis: 1.3 (1.1–1.5). Buccal cells as sensitive markers of toxic oral or respiratory exposures proved feasible for challenging field studies. Our findings indicate that the impact of pesticide use is not restricted to acute effects on health and wellbeing, but also points to long-term health risks. Therefore, occupational safety measures including training and protective clothing are needed, as well as encouragement towards minimal application of pesticides and more widespread use of organic farming.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Potential Health Risk of Endocrine Disruptors in Construction Sector and Plastics Industry: A New Paradigm in Occupation... Aleksandra Fucic, Karen S. Galea, Radu Corneliu Duca, Mounia... Published: 11 June 2018
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061229
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Endocrine disruptors (EDs) belong to large and diverse groups of agents that may cause multiple biological effects associated with, for example, hormone imbalance and infertility, chronic diseases such as diabetes, genome damage and cancer. The health risks related with the exposure to EDs are typically underestimated, less well characterized, and not regulated to the same extent as, for example, carcinogens. The increased production and utilization of identified or suspected EDs in many different technological processes raises new challenges with respect to occupational exposure settings and associated health risks. Due to the specific profile of health risk, occupational exposure to EDs demands a new paradigm in health risk assessment, redefinition of exposure assessment, new effects biomarkers for occupational health surveillance and definition of limit values. The construction and plastics industries are among the strongest economic sectors, employing millions of workers globally. They also use large quantities of chemicals that are known or suspected EDs. Focusing on these two industries, this short communication discusses: (a) why occupational exposure to EDs needs a more specific approach to occupational health risk assessments, (b) identifies the current knowledge gaps, and (c) identifies and gives a rationale for a future occupational health paradigm, which will include ED biomarkers as a relevant parameter in occupational health risk assessment, surveillance and exposure prevention.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Comment on Zheng et al. Association between Promoter Methylation of Gene ERCC3 and Benzene Hematotoxicity. Int. J. Envir... Hanns Moshammer, Michael Poteser Published: 16 November 2017
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph14111393
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Note: In lieu of an abstract, this is an excerpt from the first page.Excerpt Benzene is an established carcinogenic substance [1,2].
Article 1 Read 0 Citations UV-Radiation: From Physics to Impacts Hanns Moshammer, Stana Simic, Daniela Haluza Published: 17 February 2017
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390/ijerph14020200
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Ultraviolet (UV) radiation has affected life at least since the first life forms moved out of the seas and crawled onto the land. Therefore, one might assume that evolution has adapted to natural UV radiation. However, evolution is mostly concerned with the propagation of the genetic code, not with a long, happy, and fulfilling life. Because rickets is bad for a woman giving birth, the beneficial effects of UV-radiation outweigh the adverse effects like aged skin and skin tumors of various grades of malignancy that usually only afflict us at older age. Anthropogenic damage to the stratospheric ozone layer and frighteningly high rates of melanoma skin cancer in the light-skinned descendants of British settlers in Australia piqued interest in the health impacts of UV radiation. A changing cultural perception of the beauty of tanned versus light skin and commercial interests in selling UV-emitting devices such as tanning booths caught public health experts off-guard. Counseling and health communication are extremely difficult when dealing with a "natural" risk factor, especially when this risk factor cannot (and should not) be completely avoided. How much is too much for whom or for which skin type? How even measure "much"? Is it the (cumulative) dose or the dose rate that matters most? Or should we even construct a more complex metric such as the cumulative dose above a certain dose rate threshold? We find there are still many open questions, and we are glad that this special issue offered us the opportunity to present many interesting aspects of this important topic.
Conference papers
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 12 Reads 0 Citations <strong>Breast-Feeding Protects Children from Adverse Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke </strong> Hanns Moshammer, Hans-Peter Hutter Published: 14 November 2018
doi: 10.3390/IECEHS-1-05650
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In a cross-sectional study on 433 schoolchildren (aged 6-9 years) from 9 schools in Austria we observed associations between housing factors like passive smoking and lung function as well as improved lung function in children who had been breast-fed. The latter findings urged the question whether protective effects of breast feeding act on environmental stressors or if they act independently. Therefore the effect of passive smoking on lung function was stratified by breast-feeding. Detrimental effects of passive smoking were significant but restricted to the group of 53 children without breast-feeding. Breast feeding counteracts the effect of environmental stressors on the growing respiratory organs.

CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 17 Reads 0 Citations <strong>Acute Effects of Air Pollution and Noise from Road Traffic in A Panel of Young Healthy Subjects</strong> Hanns Moshammer, Julian Panholzer, Lisa Ulbing, Emanuel Udva... Published: 14 November 2018
doi: 10.3390/IECEHS-1-05705
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Twenty-four healthy students walked at least 4 times for one hour under each of the 4 settings: By a busy road, by a busy road wearing ear plugs, in a park, in a park but exposed to traffic noise (65 dB) through speakers. Particles (PM2.5, particle number) and noise levels were measured throughout each walk. Lung function and exhaled NO were measured before, immediately, one hour, and approximately 24 hours after each walk. Blood pressure and heart rate variability were measured every 15 minutes during each walk. Air pollution levels reduced lung function levels. Noise levels reduced systolic blood pressure and heart-rate variability.

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